Back in the mid-20th century, Mahler’s symphonies were considered an acquired taste and were rarely heard. Not so now, but New England Conservatory, in highlighting its upcoming festival devoted to this Austrian composer, decided provocatively to title it “Mahler Unleashed.” The 19-concert festival, which runs through December, starts on September 26 at 5:30 with Mahler authority Gilbert Kaplan’s lecture and multimedia presentation on the original version of Mahler’s Symphony No. 1. At 8 pm, Hugh Wolf will lead the NEC Phiharmonia in its first American performance since the premiere in 1889. The program begins with Richard Strauss’s Don Juan.
NEC’s President Tony Woodcock boasts, “Only NEC could conceive and promote this festival. It represents the diversity and influence of Mahler’s music as well as the rich variety of music that inspires our faculty and students — whether they are improvisers, singers, orchestral players, or jazz musicians. There is no artistic director of this celebration. Instead, I have asked faculty to devise their own ideas and programs reflecting this theme of diversity and counterpoint. Performances of the symphonies will co-exist with symphonic movements, improvised tropes, jazz explorations, and elaborations of Mahlerian themes, works by Mahler’s contemporaries who were influenced by the composer, Mahler’s arrangements of other composers’ music, Mahler’s vocal music, and Mahler works in their earliest versions. Lectures and panels will explore the many facets of the composer-conductor’s artistry, career, and ongoing influence. And it’s all free.”
Mahler’s Symphony No. 1 will be performed from a reconstructed edition, based on two of the earliest manuscript sources for the symphony. The majority of the score comes from a newly discovered manuscript at the Mahler-Rosé Collection at the University of Western Ontario; it contains three movements of the originally five-movement symphony and is believed to be the earliest version of the First Symphony, premiered in Budapest in November 1889. The two movements missing from the Ontario manuscript – the Blumine and the Funeral March – are performed from their own earliest manuscript source from the Osborne collection at Yale, reflecting the second, 1893 Hamburg performance of the symphony. This performing edition has been prepared from microfilms of the manuscripts by Kristo Kondakci ’09 Prep, ’13 B.M., an NEC composition major studying with Michael Gandolfi and John Mallia.
The performance of the First will include not only the Blumine movement that Mahler initially took over from another work and ultimately discarded but also significant segments of music, notably in the Finale, that never made it into any subsequent versions. Originally called Symphonic Poem in Two Parts, the work features a smaller, less Mahlerian orchestra than in its later incarnations and gives insight into the compositional process that transformed this piece into the First Symphony that we know today. This work, in Mahler’s words “the most spontaneous and daringly composed of all,” was subsequently heavily revised, yet due to the public’s rejection, remained, as he observed, his “child of sorrow.”
The performance opens with Richard Strauss’s tone poem Don Juan, which had its premiere the same year as the Mahler. This will be followed by a talk by Mahler scholar Dr. Katarina Markovic, Chair of NEC’s Music History and Musicology Department, who will illustrate some of the differences between the original version and the later and more familiar versions of Mahler’s First Symphony.
BMInt asked Katerina Markovic some questions:
The introduction of the 1st movement is significantly re-orchestrated. Among other things, the orchestra is much smaller. Also, portions of the last (the 5th and in modern performances 4th) movement are basically recomposed, and dozens of measures are deleted. In this final movement, the recapitulation is very different – there is no gradual, fugato entry of the solo viola, but instead the crash of the Finale’s introduction is brought back in a literal manner. The piece had 5 movements – the lyrical trumpet serenade “Blumine” was there in Budapest, but in later revisions got cut. And in general, throughout the Symphony, there are numerous details of orchestration and articulation redone.
That was never our objective. We don’t advocate for a resurrection of this version as a regular item in orchestral repertoires. Rather, we believe it needs to be heard and acknowledged as an important stepping stone in Mahler’s symphonic development, and it also provides unique insight into Mahler’s compositional process.
His lieder exist for both orchestral and piano accompaniment versions. There are also Beethoven symphonies – with Mahler’s “retouschen” that have been performed and recorded. The First Symphony has sometimes been performed and recorded with the Blumine movement, while the Sixth Symphony of course has a different inner movement order in different conductors’ approaches.